Biofuels are liquid, gaseous or solid fuels which are made from biomass. They serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuels, helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Bioethanol, biodiesel or biogas are examples of biofuels.

The development of European Standards is an important element in the creation and expansion of the European market for biofuels. European standardization is also important in relation to sustainability and the use of biofuels as a blend component for regular fuel.

For more information contact Andrea NAM.

News and events

Technical bodies and activities

CEN/TC 19 Gaseous and liquid fuels, lubricants and related products of petroleum, synthetic and biological origin
CEN/TC 335 Solid biofuels
CEN/TC 383 Sustainably produced biomass for energy applications
CEN/TC 408 Natural gas and biomethane for use in transport and biomethane for injection in the natural gas grid

Useful links and documents

In 2019 the European Standardization Committee finalised the project entitled "Engine tests with new types of biofuels and development of biofuel standards” funded by the Secure, clean and efficient energy Horizon2020 Programme.
The objective of the project was to present input to the standardization work of CEN/TC 19 ‘Gaseous and liquid fuels, lubricants and related products of petroleum, synthetic and biological origin’. The work consisted of the following work packages:
  1. study the overall sensitivity of future (Euro 6c technology) vehicles and the fuel logistics' system towards mid-blend oxygenate (“E20/25”) petrol;
  2. demonstrate the feasibility of a CI engine using ignition assist (spark plugs or glow plugs) to make high octane fuels ignitable and the combustion controllable over a wide operational window;
  3. make FAME standard EN 14214 more robust to ensure B7 is fit for purpose and to be prepared in case of higher blends B10 - B30;
  4. check whether present or future engines might pose issues regarding quality requirements for blends of paraffinic diesel and to confirm their potential emissions benefits .
One of the main conclusions of the work is that from a distribution infrastructure and vehicle materials perspective it is feasible to move to an E20 market fuel. The current compatibility of higher than E20 blends on the vehicle components is questionable. Another recommendation is that the density of diesel in the market can be lowered – and in parallel to that the limit in the EN 590 fuel specification - without modifications on vehicles’ hardware or retail network. Considering that this does not have a negative impact on the tail-pipe emissions, it would allow fuel suppliers to introduce more paraffinic products such as BtL and HVO in the EU market. You can read more details on the results in the summary report. The detailed reports are downloadable here (ZIP format).

The results of the project were presented in a workshop organised jointly by the European Commission DG RTD and CEN on 25 June 2019. You can download the presentations here (ZIP file)