The term bio-based product refers to products wholly or partly derived from biomass, such as plants, trees or animals (the biomass can have undergone physical, chemical or biological treatment).
It is important to understand the meaning of the term bio-based product and how it is being used. A standard defining general terms to be used in the field of bio-based products, EN 16575, was published by CEN in August 2014.
Some of the reasons of the increasing interest in bio-based products lay in their benefits in relation to depletion of resources and climate change. Bio-based products could provide additional product functionalities, less resource intensive production and efficient use of all natural resources.
Nevertheless, companies, governments and consumers are confronted with numerous uncertainties. These may limit new products and technologies from growing into full-scale commercial applications. In this context, European Standards have been identified as essential elements in aggregating demand of existing and new bio-based products.